Getting Started with Technical Analysis

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Getting Started with Technical Analysis

Getting Started with Technical Analysis

Investing in the stock market can be both exciting and overwhelming. There are so many stocks and strategies are there that make it hard to decide where to invest. That’s where technical analysis comes in. It’s the study of market data to find patterns, trends, and potential opportunities.

To get started with technical analysis, you need to first understand what exactly technical analysis is.

Technical Analysis

Technical analysis may sound complex, but it’s actually quite easy. In simple terms, it’s a method of assessing stock or any tradeable asset by studying statistics based on market activity, like past prices and volume.

 Technical analysts believe that by analysing charts and other indicators, they can identify and predict market trends for any security. Essentially, they study a stock’s trading history to measure its potential for future price changes.

Let’s understand this with an example:

Let’s make a comparison to weather forecasting.

 Can we predict the weather for the future? Yes.

Is the weather forecast always 100% accurate? No.

Weather forecasts are applicable over a period of time rather than being precise second by second.

Similarly, just like meteorologists use past weather data and atmospheric patterns to forecast future weather conditions, technical analysts utilize past price and volume data to predict future stock prices.

How You Can Start Technical Analysis of Stocks?

  • To begin with technical analysis, the first step is selecting a security for analysis. This can include stocks, commodities, currency pairs, or any other tradable financial instrument available on an exchange. Once you have decided on the security, the next step involves studying its price and volume data.
  • A widely used tool in technical analysis is the price chart. It provides a visual display of a security’s price changes over time. Price charts come in various types, with the candlestick chart being the most popular and commonly used option.
  • Candlestick charts offer wide information in a single platform. Each candlestick represents a specific time period, like a day or an hour. The body of the candlestick indicates the security’s opening and closing prices within that timeframe, while the wicks or shadows represent the highest and lowest prices recorded during that period.
  • By studying these candlesticks, traders can identify patterns and trends in the price movements of the stock.
  • Along with price charts, traders use various technical indicators to analyse securities. These indicators are mathematical calculations derived from the price and volume data of a security. They give signals that confirm trends, identify potential buy or sell signals, and provide additional information to traders.
  • Some popular and commonly used technical indicators are moving averages, relative strength index (RSI), and Bollinger Bands, among others. These indicators help traders to judge market conditions, identify potential price reversals or trends, and help to take trading decisions.

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Dos and Don’ts to follow when starting Technical Analysis


  • A Volume is an important tool for technical analysis. High trading volume suggests a strong trend, while low volume can indicate a lack of buyers and sellers in security.
  • Traders mostly confirm trends and signals by using multiple indicators.  With one or more than one indicators, a trader can become more confident in a potential trade. This approach allows for a thorough analysis of different aspects of the market, increasing the chances of making informed trading decisions.
  • One of the most important tips to remember is that while technical analysis can assist in identifying potential trades, practising effective risk management is essential. 
  • Risk Management involves implementing stop-loss orders and ensuring that you don’t risk more than a certain percentage of your portfolio on any single trade. With the help of these risk management techniques, you can protect your investments and maintain a disciplined approach to trading.
  • As the price of stocks is changing every time, you need to stay updated with news and investments that can impact your investment.


  • While technical analysis can look complex, it’s important to avoid difficult things. Stick to the fundamental principles and strategies, and you should be on the right track. Sometimes, simplicity is the key to effective analysis and decision-making in the stock market.
  • While technical analysis is important, it shouldn’t be the only way to evaluate securities. It’s also important to consider fundamental analysis, which involves looking at a company’s financial statements and economic factors. By using both technical and fundamental analysis, investors can get a better overall understanding of the securities they are analysing.
  • Trading can involve emotional decisions, but it’s important to let no emotions cloud your judgment. Stick to your trading strategy and avoid making impulsive trades driven by fear or greed. By maintaining discipline and adhering to your predetermined plan, you can make more rational and informed trading decisions.
  • When you’re taking potential trades, it’s important to think about the risk-reward ratio. This means comparing the potential profit with the potential loss.
  • With a good risk-to-reward ratio, you can make smarter decisions and aim for a good balance between R:R in your trading strategy.


Technical analysis is a great tool for traders and aspiring investors in the Indian stock market. It helps identify potential opportunities by analysing price and volume data, allowing traders to recognize patterns and trends. However, it’s important to follow certain guidelines when using this approach. With the help of candlestick patterns, indicators, risk management tools, and fundamental analysis traders can achieve their financial goals.


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