What is Mark to Market (MTM) in Share Market?

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What is Mark to Market (MTM) in Share Market?

In the share market, there are many terminologies that should be known by the trader or the investor. From that one of the factor is Mark to Market and from this article, you will find the details about this. Through this blog, you will get the understandings in easy terms and it will be helpful to you in future. Let’s start with the MTM meaning and further on.

MTM Meaning

Mark to Market refers to the fair value of the assets or any securities that gets change-over-time and records the assets or securities at its current market price. This factor provides the traders or the investors the realistic value of the particular assets or securities and its current financial situation.

In trading and investing, there are certain securities like futures and mutual funds are also marked to market to show their current market value of these kinds of investments. This is also defined as the accounting tool that is used to record the value of an asset with its current market price.

Mark to market provides the daily settlement of the profits and the losses by the traders due to the changes in their market value. In this, the value that changes does not affect that changes it the gains and losses that interchange daily.

How Does Mark To Market (MTM) Work?

Assume that the stocks that a particular trader holds in their brokerage account are marked as the mark to market every day. At the closing bell, the price that is assigned to each of the stocks is the price that the larger market of buyers and sellers has decided it would be at the end of the particular day. There is no other type of pricing information involved.

Mark to Market is also used for the futures contracts that are also termed as important for the investors who had trade commodities with their margin accounts.

Why does Mark to Market Matter?

Most agree that MTM evaluation accurately reflects verity worth of the asset. However, MTM will be problematic in times of uncertainty as a result of the worth of assets will vary wildly from second to second not as a result of changes within the underlying value of assets, however as a result of patrons and sellers square measure billowing in and get in unpredictable ways in which.

It’s vital to not confuse mark-to-market with mark-to-management or mark-to-model. This is the value that changes on either side of the balance sheet that depends on the conditions of the market. It can be problematic also when the value of the assets may vary at every second due to the changes in the market condition. This can also be problematic when the buyers and sellers keep coming in and going out with an irregular pattern.

In mark to market, there can also be the case that arises the problem when the market-based performance does not show the true picture of the underlying asset or the securities. When there is a financial crisis and the company was forced to calculate the selling prices of its assets and liabilities during the unfavorable condition then also problem occurs.

Steps that are used for Calculating Mark to Market in Futures

1. Determine the settlement price

Various assets can have alternative ways of deciding the settlement value however typically, it’ll involve averaging some listed costs for the day. At intervals, this, the previous couple of transactions of the day are thought-about since it accounts for appreciable activities of the day.

The terms aren’t thought-about because it will be manipulated by unscrupulous traders to drift the costs in a very specific direction. The typical value helps in reducing the chance of such manipulations.

2. Realization of Profit/Loss

The realization of profit and loss depends on the typical value taken for because of the settlement value and pre-agreed upon contract value.

Benefits of Mark to Market in Futures

  • Daily selling to the market reduces counterparty risk for investors in Futures contracts. This settlement takes place until the contract expires.
  • Reduces body overhead for the exchange.
  • It ensures that at the top of any commerce day, once the daily settlements are created, there’ll not be any outstanding obligations that indirectly scale back credit risk.

Disadvantages of Mark to Market in Futures

  • This requires continuous use of observation systems that are extremely pricey and might be afforded solely by giant establishments.
  • It is an explanation for concern throughout uncertainty because the worth of assets will swing dramatically because of the unpredictable entry and exit of patrons and sellers.


The main aim of mark to market is to ensure that all the margin accounts should be funded. If the mark to market price is lower than the purchase price that means that the holder is making a loss and the account has to add some amount to the minimum level. This amount is stated as the Variation Margin.

The purpose is to ensure that the exchange that is protecting the traders for the risk of their trades and just for the protection the exchange keeps the margin amount.

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