NSE India : The Indian stock market can be divided into two stock exchanges: Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE). Most of the Indian equity market takes place on these two stock exchanges. Both exchanges – BSE and NSE follow the same trading mechanism, trading hours, settlement process, etc.

National Stock Exchange of India

The National Stock Exchange is the world’s fourth largest stock exchange in terms of transaction volumes. In terms of daily turnover, NSE is one of the biggest stock exchanges of India for Equity and derivative segment.

History of NSE India

To bring transparency to the Indian capital market, a group of leading financial institutions established NSE India. Many leading financial institutions participated to set up NSE India.

The National Stock Exchange of India came into existence in the year 1992. In April 1993, NSE was recognised as a stock exchange by SEBI and in 1994 it commenced operations with the launch of the wholesale debt market which shortly after followed by,  the launch of the cash market segment. It was the first demutualised electronic exchange of India. NSE India made it possible for traders across the country to carry out trading of stocks with its fully automated screen based electronic trading system.


Between 1994 and 2016 NSE expanded lines of business and product offerings through the following key milestones.

1993 Recognised as stock exchange
1994 Launched the equity and wholesale debt market



Commenced electronic or screen-based trading

1995 Established an Investor Protection Fund Trust
1996 Created and administered a settlement fund



Launched NIFTY 50 Index, which remains our flagship index today

Commenced trading and settlement in dematerialised securities on our exchange

1998 Commenced NSE certification for “Financial Market certification program (NCFM) in India.
2000 Launch of index futures based on the NIFTY 50 index for trading



Listed index future on NIFTY 50 on the Singapore Exchange

commenced internet trading

2001 Launched index options based on the NIFTY 50 index for trading



Launched single stock futures and options on listed securities

2002 Launched ETFs listings
2005 Launched NIFTY Bank index derivatives
2008 First in India to offer trading in currency futures.



Establishment of securities leading and borrowing scheme (SLBS)

Launched NOW platform for web-based trading

2009 Launched Mutual Fund Service System (MFSS)
2010 Launched NOW platform for mobile devices



Launched trading in currency options

2011 Commenced trading in index futures and options on global indices, namely the S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial average
2012 Commenced trading in index futures and options contracts on the FTSE 100 index



Launched SME-specific EMERGE platform for the listing and trading of securities of SMEs.

2013 Launched the New Debt Segment (NDS)
2014 Launched NMF-|| platform for mutual funds



Launched NBF || segment for interest for interest rate futures.

Launched trading on India VIX Index futures

commenced trading on NIFTY 50 (then known as CNX NIFTY) on the Osaka Exchange

2015 Entered into a memorandum of understanding to enhance the level of cooperation with the London Stock Exchange.



Renamed CNX NIFTY to NIFTY 50.

2016 Launched NIFTY 50 index futures trading on TAIFEX



Launched platform for sovereign gold bond issuance

Launched electronic book-building platform for private placement of debt securities


NSE offers trading and investment in the following segments: 

stock markets

Trading Schedule

Trading on the equities segment takes place on Five days of the week (Monday to Friday). The market timings of the equities segment are as per shown in Image.

NSE India Timing

Service offered by NSE India

NSE India provides many trading and investment services.

  • There are approximately 5,000 companies listed on the NSE that are actively traded.
  • Trading and investment in Equities, Indices, Initial Public Offerings, Mutual Funds, etc.
  • Trading and Investment in equity derivatives that includes global indices like Dow Jones, currency derivatives and interest rate futures. 

Pre-Open Market:

During this period, traders can put the buying and selling orders. The pre-market settles at 9:07 am and quotes are available after the settlement on the basis of buy and sell orders. You can check the prices of Nifty 50 stocks on NSE India website.

NSE india Pre-Market-Open
Image Credited NSE India

Equity Stock:

Trader can get the quote of the stock. The Nifty 50 stocks are listed under this segment. The users can see the 52-Week high and low of the stock. The user can also see the volume of the stock traded.

Nse india equity stocks watch
Image Credited NSE India


Nifty is an index that is part of NSE. It Consists of 50 heavyweight stocks from 12 different sectors. Nifty is bifurcated into different market indices like nifty midcap 100, nifty small cap 100, nifty 100, etc.

NSE India Index
Image Credited NSE India

Top 10 Gainers / Losers:

NSE India also provides information about Top ten gainers and losers highlight those Nifty 50 stocks that rose and fell.

NSE India Top Gainer And Looser
Image Credited NSE India

Most Active Securities:

Most active securities are those stock that show a big change in the price of the stock. The most active stocks are those that show a significant change in stock price due to a surge in volume.

NSE India Most Active Securities
Image Credited NSE India

Advance and Declines:

This segment on NSE India website shows the overall data of the stocks that rose and fell. To know the overall sentiment of the market, the user can visit the advance and declines segment.

NSE India Advance Decline
Image Credited NSE India

Volume Gainers:

This section shows the single day volume comparison is drawn with the 1-Week and 2-Week average volumes. Total 25 stocks from part of this section.

NSE India Volume Gainer
Image Credited NSE India


Prashant Raut is a successful professional stock market trader. He is an expert in understanding and analyzing technical charts. With his 8 years of experience and expertise, he delivers webinars on stock market concepts. He also bags the ‘Golden Book of World Record’ for having the highest number of people attending his webinar on share trading.

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