Free Float Market Capitalisation

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Free Float Market Capitalisation

Free Float Market Capitalisation: There are many ways to measure the size of a company.

One such way is the free float market capitalization method.

Many Indian business houses use this method to arrive at the value of an index.

What is market capitalization?

  • Market capitalization, or market cap, is the outstanding number of shares multiplied by the price of each stock.
  • So, for example, if the total outstanding shares of a company, ABC Ltd., is 10,000 and each share is priced at Rs. 50, then the market cap of the company stands at Rs. 5 lakhs.
  • Based on the market cap, the companies are classified as large-cap, mid-cap, or small-cap.

What is free-float market capitalization?

  • In the standard market cap calculation, the total number of outstanding shares will include both public and privately owned shares.
  • But in a free float market cap, the valuation of the company will rely on the outstanding shares of the company that are held publicly.
  • This share number will then be multiplied by the price for each share.
  • Here, the shares owned by the trusts, government bodies, and promoters are ignored.
  • This will indicate that the value of the free float market cap will always be lower than the actual market cap of the company.
  • It is also known as float-adjusted capitalization.

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Examples of free-float market capitalization:

  • Let us understand this concept better with the help of an example,
  • Company A has 10,000 outstanding shares and each is priced at Rs. 20.
  • Of these, 4000 shares are held publicly, whereas the remaining 6000 shares are owned privately.
  • Now, we will calculate the market cap as well as the free float market cap.
  • The market cap of company A is:
  • 10,000 * 20 = Rs. 200,000.
  • The free float market cap of company A is:
  • Publicly owned shares * price of each share:
  • 4000 * 20 = Rs. 80,000.

Advantages of using a free float market cap:

The following are the main advantages of using a free-float market cap:

Advantages of using a free float market cap
Research By, Trading Fuel Lab

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Presents a practical picture:

  • The total market cap includes the shares that are currently available as well as those that are presently locked in.
  • Whereas, the free float market cap will only consider the number of shares that are currently available in the market for trading.
  • Thus, this process is more useful because it will give a true picture of the enterprise.

Market-driven technology:

  • This calculation process will eliminate the companies that have a minimal number of shares available for trading in the market.
  • Hence, investors can also locate businesses where they can park their extra funds after buying public shares using this technique easily.

No distortion of valuation:

  • The market cap of large companies can fool investors into thinking that their shares are readily available for trading, whereas the reality is just the other way round.
  • With the help of a free-float market cap, broad-based indexing is possible, which will minimize the concentration of such companies with large market cap values.

Market volatility and free-float market capitalization:

  • The free float market cap is inversely proportional to the volatility in the market.
  • A higher free float will indicate that the investors are rapidly selling and purchasing shares.
  • If the free float is low, it will indicate higher volatility.
  • At this stage, the traders cannot affect the market price in a noticeable manner.
  • Thus, traders mostly prefer dealing with the shares of companies that have a higher free float.
  • By doing so, the traders can buy and sell shares freely without even affecting the overall price of the index.

Also Check: What Are Large Cap Funds?


We hope that the above blog gives you clarity about the Free Float Market Capitalisation method.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Answer: Free float stocks are defined by the number of outstanding shares minus the number of shares that are restricted from trading.
Answer: Free float is generally owned by public investors.
Answer: Yes, there can be a negative free float, which means that the activity is behind schedule.
Answer: The good free float percentage is between 10 and 25%.
Answer: Reliance Industries is number one in the share market.


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