# What is Algorithm Trading & How It Works in India?

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Algo Trading in India is gaining popularity with each passing day. Algorithm trading is a method of executing orders with the help of pre-programmed trading instructions accounting for time, price and volume, or any mathematical model. In this type of trading system, all the trading decision taken by the computer. The need for a human trader’s intervention minimized in Algo Trading. As compare to a human trader, computer system find opportunity very quickly, which is one of the advantages of finding trades for profit-making.

## Meaning of Algorithm Trading Software

Algo trading is also known as an automated trading system. In algo trading mechanism, the computer system or the algo software follows a defined set of instructions to place trading orders. Also, this software helps to generate higher returns by placing multiple orders within seconds that is not possible for humans. Besides that, the Algorithm software also rules out the possibility of human emotions. Therefore, trading using the algo mechanism is more disciplined and practical.

Let us take an example to understand its functioning in a better way.

### Example of Algo Trading Strategies

Suppose a trader puts the following criteria in the algo software.

• Sell 50 shares of a stock when its price falls below the 52 week low.
• Buy 50 shares of a stock when its price goes above the 52 week high.

In the above scenario, the trader has given his trading instructions and put Algorithm strategies. Therefore, when the price of a stock will go below the 52-week low, the algo software will automatically sell 50 shares. Similarly, when the price of a stock goes above the 52-week high, the auto software will automatically purchase 50 shares. Thus, we can see that the presence of a trader does not require. The orders are placed automatically when the stock fulfill the defined criteria. The trader no more has to track the live price or the graphs of the stock to find a trading opportunity.

• In this type of trading system, orders placed automatically. Therefore, there is no risk of human errors.
• The trader does not need to track the live prices.
• The trades take place at the best prices.
• The transaction costs are less because human assistance is not required.
• A large number of orders can be placed in a quick span that is not possible for a human to do.
• The manual errors like placing a wrong order or putting the wrong buy or sell figures are avoided.
• It keeps a check on market movement as well.

The above points reflect few of the benefits of Algo Trading.

By now, we have learned that Algorithm Trading is an essential tool for traders. Nevertheless, other investors in the stock markets also use it. Let us see the type of investors who use Algorithm trading mechanism in the stock markets.

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• Regular traders or intraday traders are the primary users of the this mechanism. The automated transaction helps in earning higher returns. It also creates good liquidity of the shares in the market.
• Short-term traders also use algorithm tool to get the benefit of automated and quick trade execution.
• Mid-term to long-term investors use algorithm tools to buy shares in the market. The long-term investors include mutual funds, insurance companies, etc.

Thus, it would not be wrong to say that mechanism provides an opportunity to all the types of investors. Therefore, they can put their money in the stocks that fall under their pre-defined guidelines.